“Muslim or Christian?” you’ll often be asked—an indication that religion plays a significant role in Jordanian culture. Indeed, Middle Eastern society is heavily informed by Islam; the call to prayer will become the backdrop of your life. But, like in any country, people practice with different degrees of devoutness. On more than one occasion I’ve strolled into a mosque (at the coaxing of locals) and participated in prayer, an experience that is both comforting and tranquil. Understanding Islam is critical for understanding Jordan and the Jordanian people.